Iraq is bordered by Kuwait, Iran, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.
The country slopes from mountains over 3,000 meters (10,000 ft.) above sea level along the border with Iran and Turkey to the remnants of sea-level, reedy marshes in the southeast.
Much of the land is desert or wasteland.
The mountains in the northeast are an extension of the alpine system that runs eastward from the Balkans into southern Turkey, northern Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan, terminating in the Himalayas.
Population: about 22 million. Arab 75%-80%, Kurd 15%-20%, Turkman, Chaldean, Assyrian, or others less than 5%.
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian
Religions: Shia Muslim 60%, Sunni Muslim 32%-37%, Christian 3%, Jewish and Yezidi less than 1%.
Climate: Mostly hot and dry. Average temperatures range from higher than 48 degrees C (120 degrees F) in July and August to below freezing in January. Most of the rainfall occurs from December through April and averages between 10 and 18 centimeters (4-7 in.) annually. The mountainous region of northern Iraq receives appreciably more precipitation than the central or southern desert region.
Government: The Iraqi Interim Government (IIG) assumed sovereign authority for governing Iraq on June 28, 2004. The IIG consists of the Presidency of the State (comprised of a President and two Deputy Presidents), a Council of Ministers, including a Prime Minister, an Interim National Council, and the Judicial Authority.
Currency: Iraqi Dinar equal 1000 fils.
Sights: In Iraq there are two sacred cities of Shi'a An-Najaf and Кarbala where have remained tombs of Shi'a imams and where Shi'a Muslims of all world make pilgrimage.
Numerous archaeological monuments of ancient Assyria, Babylonia, Akkad, Persia, the state Selevkids.
Entry Requirements: For entrance to Iraq it is necessary to receive the visa in Embassy of Iraq.
Passport period of validity should be not less than six months from the moment of the termination of action of the visa.
At presence in the passport of the visa of Israel and/or other marks of Israel, entrance to Iraq is forbidden.
AIRPORTS OF IRAQ
Here you can look the information about all main international airports of Iraq. More in detail...