The Sumer kingdom, which has arisen about IV millenium B.C., since III millenium to the middle of I millenium B.C. the territory was under the power of the Babylon and Assyrian kingdoms.
Akkad. Constant struggle between sumerian the south and the Semitic north results, at last to a victory of the Semitic north.
Sargon I, the founder of the Semitic state of Akkad, subordinates to itself Sumer and unites a considerable part of Mesopotamia under the power. ...
It is known only that in XIX—XVIII centuries BC еhe statу Mitanni did not exist yet, and hegemony in Northern Mesopotamia and Northern Syria were carried out by another, apparently amorenian state — Jamhad with the centre in Halpe (Aleppo). ...
The rise of Assyria. Strictly speaking, the use of the name "Assyria" for the period before the latter half of the 2nd millennium BC is anachronistic; Assyria (as against the city-state of Ashur) did not become an independent state until about 1400 BC. ...
Assyria and Babylonia from c. 1000 to c. 750 BC. The most important factor in the history of Mesopotamia in the 10th century was the continuing threat from the Aramaean seminomads.
Again and again, the kings of both Babylonia and Assyria were forced to repel their invasions. ...
The Neo-Assyrian Empire (746-609). For no other period of Assyrian history is there an abundance of sources comparable to those available for the interval from roughly 745 to 640.
Aside from the large number of royal inscriptions, about 2,400 letters, most of them more or less fragmentary, have been published. ...
Decline of the Assyrian Empire. Few historical sources remain for the last 30 years of the Assyrian Empire.
There are no extant inscriptions of Ashurbanipal after 640 BC, and the few surviving inscriptions of his successors contain only vague allusions to political matters.
In Babylonia the silence is almost total until 625 BC, when the chronicles resume. ...
Who conquered the four quarters of the world, made great the name of Babylon, rejoiced the heart of Marduk, of the lord which the days Esagil served; the royal scion which was created by Sin which has enriched the city of Ur, the restrained pilgrim who has brought abundance in Ekishnugal.
The reasonable tsar, obedient to Shamash, the mighty, strengthened base of Sippar, dressed greens a chapel Aji which made great a temple of Ebarru, like a heavenly hall. The hero who has pardoned Larsa, updated Ebabbar for Shamash, the assistant.
The lord who granted new life to Uruk, who brought plenteous water to its inhabitants, raised the head of Enanna, and perfected the beauty of Anu and Ishtar..."
During long time in the country the Persian dynasties supervised, and in VII century of our era Arabs have come to the country.
With 750 for 1258 Bagdad was capital of the state of caliphs Abbasid.
In 1258 the country has been ruined by the Mongolian aggressors, and during long time for possession it Turkish and Iranian governors argued.
In XVII century Iraq definitively was a part of Ottoman empire.
In August, 1921 Iraq has received independence then has been selected king Fejsal I.
Till 1932 Great Britain had the mandate on management of Iraq through the commissioner.
In February, 1958 the Arabian Union of Iraq and Jordan has been formed, however on July, 14th, 1958 as a result of a bloody military coup the king is killed, and the Arabian Union has broken up.
On July, 15th in Iraq the republic has been proclaimed.
From this point on the country has endured some more military coup.
As a result of last of them to the power the president of Iraq has come Saddam Hussein.
AIRPORTS OF IRAQ
Here you can look the information about all main international airports of Iraq. More in detail...