Architecture of houses.
Because of the importance of privacy in the Arabian society, houses are built with big solid walls that maintain privacy from street traffic and the neighbours.
One of the most important considerations in building a house is the guarantee that the residents of the house cannot see their neighbours from any part of the house, thus insuring the privacy of the neighbours.
In every Arabian house, there is a room called "dewaniah" or "majlis" for guests' gatherings.
Most of these dewaniahs are for male visitors only.
Women guests gather in a room inside the house and sometimes get to their gathering room from an outside entrance specifically assigned for female visitors.
Some dewaniahs open on a daily basis and others once weekly.
This regular gathering is a chance for relatives, friends, and invited guests to check on each other and converse in many subjects.
It is a form of socializing where people communicate the latest news about other relatives, economy, business, sports, politics, etc.
Tea, coffee, and sometimes a light snack are served.
During summer, the dishdashah is usually made of white cotton to reflect sunlight.
In winter, the dishdashah is made from heavier fabric such as wool and comes in darker colours.
With the dishdashah men also wear a 3-piece head cover.
The bottom piece of this head covering is a white cap that is sometimes filled with holes.
This cap, called "thagiyah", is used to hold the hair in place.
On top of the thagiyah is a scarf-like head cover that comes in two types: a light, white head cover called "gutrah" which is worn in summer, and a heavy red and white checked head cover called "eshmag" which is worn during winter.
These head covers protect the head from direct sunlight and can be used to cover the mouth and the nose during sand storms or cold weather.
On top of the thagiyah and the gutrah is the "ogal", which is a black band surrounding the top of the head to hold everything else in place.
When male children reach puberty they are taught to wear the head covering as a sign for entering manhood.
Some women dress in clothes that do not cover their faces or hair, while others cover them.
For example, a very conservative woman might wear a long black garment called "abayah" that covers her body from the shoulders down to her feet.
Under this cover she could be wearing a traditional Arabian dress in full body length with long sleeves or she could be wearing the latest style from an internationally known designer.
In addition to the abayah, a very conservative woman would also wear a face and head cover while some others would not.
Education. Education in Iraq is free. Six years of primary education are compulsory, but many children do not attend school because the facilities are not available and they must work to help support their families.
More students attended vocational or teacher-training institutions.
Instruction is in the Arabic language, although Kurdish is used in primary schools in some northern districts.
Iraq has eight universities, four in Baghdad and one each in Al Basrah, Erbil, Mosul, and Tikrit.
The University of Baghdad, founded in 1957, had campuses in Basrah and Mosul that became separate universities in 1964 and 1967, respectively.
The country also has about 20 technical institutes.
AIRPORTS OF IRAQ
Here you can look the information about all main international airports of Iraq. More in detail...