Iraq — a cradle of the most ancient civilization which have arisen between the Tiger and Euphrates (to Entre Rios).
In territory of Iraq there are some thousand monuments of world value.
Monuments which are dated the end VI - beginning V of a millenium B.C. concern to the most ancient.
These are the cities of Eredu, Ur, Uruk, Umma, Nippur.
Further monuments which concern to culture of Assyria and Babylon, this II-I-th millenium B.C., including Babylon and a lot of other cities follow.
Then monuments which concern to later time as Samarra for example.
Iraq is a territory where it is possible to track practically all stages of development of human culture, since most the most ancient and down to medieval.
It in Iraq the idea of paradise was born! It in Iraq Adam and Eve's history has begun and there was an idea of immortality of the person!
It in Iraq the Flood has begun!, which history is embodied in sumerian texts, whence has passed in Old and the New testament, become by a basis of a european civilization.
Near to An-Nasiriya it is located great sumerian the city of Ur.
Among monuments of Ur the rests of enormous "Babel towers" - ziggurats.
Others are widely known sumerian the cities of Nippurs, Larsa, and in the north, around of Mosul, - assirian the cities of Assurs, Ninewia, Nimrud.
Sumerian, carriers of the most ancient civilization on the Earth, III - II millenia B.C. - great people which has created almost everything that has entered into a basis of economic and spiritual culture. They have created mathematics, they have created writing, bases of ancient principles of art.
There is Kramer's translated on set of languages the well-known book, it and refers to: "The History begins in Sumer".
Baghdad - city "Thousand and one night..."
In the Baghdad museum of tens thousand monuments, among them - storehouse of tablets of ancient inhabitants of Mesopotamia, the largest storehouse of the Arabian manuscripts.
In several kilometers from Baghdad majestic ruins of the most ancient capital Sasanids - Ctesiphon lay.
Cities of Tel Haryry and Tour are not less known.
In territory of Iraq many Islamic relics are located.
It is a Greater mosque in Samarra.
It is Karbala and An-Najaf - sacred cities of Shi'a Arabs.
In An-Najaf imam Ali - the cousin of the prophet, the person who for Shi'a Arabs is considered most close to the god is buried.
And in Kerbela its son, Hussein, lost is buried by martyr death.
Around of these places there is very strong religious emotional field.
Babylon, known to everyone since the childhood.
The first mentions of it concern to III thousand B.C. The ancient greek historian Gerodot who has visited Babylon in V century B.C. has been fascinated by its greatness and luxury. Babylon lasted along Euphrates a strip in 22 km. The wall surrounded Babylon, reached at length of 18 km and had 360 towers.
Gate Ishtar reveted by a blue brick...
Here there was erect a well-known Babel tower - Ziggurat from seven tiers - a palace-fortress which "trailing gardens" Semiramids (VI century B.C.) considered one of seven miracles of light adjoined built on ledges.
The part of archeological excavations of Babylon is now in different museums of the Europe, but also now it is magnificent - temples, the rests of trailing gardens...
In 15 km to the south from Babylon there are ruins of the city of Borsippa.
The history connects a bible legend With this city about the Babel tower which and has not been completed up to the sky.
In deserts there are monuments of early Christian arts, for example, church Al-Shajja which concerns to VI - to VII centuries.
Basra - an early Muslim monument, city VIII-IX of centuries. Amazing carved ornaments on walls of the palaces which have generated special architectural style still before erection of Baghdad...
For everyone who was interested in archeology, it is "points" of great archeologic opening. The enormous quantity of archeologic monuments of Iraq is not dug out yet.
Necessarily visit these places, one which sounding of names inspires!!!
AIRPORTS OF IRAQ
Here you can look the information about all main international airports of Iraq. More in detail...